Material Safety Data Sheet
Sodium hydroxide, solid, pellets or beads
Section 1 – Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name: Sodium hydroxide, solid, pellets or beads
Catalog Numbers: S71990, S71990-1, S71991, S71992, S71993, S71993-1, S71993-2, S71993-3, S71993-4, S78605, BP359-212, BP359-500, BW13580500, BW1358350, BW13583500, S318-1, S318-10, S318-100, S318-3, S318-3LC, S318-5, S318-50, S318-500, S318-50LC, S320-1, S320-10, S320-3, S320-50, S320-500, S612-3, S612-50, S612-500LB, S613-10, S613-3, S613-50, S613-500LB
Synonyms: Caustic soda; Soda lye; Sodium hydrate; Lye.
Company Identification: Fisher Scientific, 1 Reagent Lane, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call: 201-796-7100
Emergency Number: 201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887
Section 2 – Composition, Information on Ingredients
Hazard Symbols: C
Risk Phrases: 35
Section 3 – Hazards Identification
Appearance: white. Danger! Corrosive. Causes eye and skin burns. Hygroscopic. May cause severe respiratory tract irritation with possible burns. May cause severe digestive tract irritation with possible burns.
Target Organs: Eyes, skin, mucous membranes.
Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes eye burns. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
Skin: Causes skin burns. May cause deep, penetrating ulcers of the skin. May cause skin rash (in milder cases), and cold and clammy skin with cyanosis or pale color.
Ingestion: May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. May cause perforation of the digestive tract. Causes severe pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and shock. May cause corrosion and permanent tissue destruction of the esophagus and digestive tract. May cause systemic effects.
Inhalation: Irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Causes severe irritation of upper respiratory tract with coughing, burns, breathing difficulty, and possible coma. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract.
Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Effects may be delayed.
Section 4 – First Aid Measures
Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid immediately. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: If swallowed, do NOT induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately. If victim is fully conscious, give a cupful of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.
Section 5 – Fire Fighting Measures
General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Use water with caution and in flooding amounts. Contact with moisture or water may generate sufficient heat to ignite nearby combustible materials. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Extinguishing Media: Substance is noncombustible; use agent most appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire. Do NOT get water inside containers.
Section 6 – Accidental Release Measures
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation. Do not get water on spilled substances or inside containers.
Section 7 – Handling and Storage
Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Do not allow water to get into the container because of violent reaction. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Discard contaminated shoes. Use only with adequate ventilation.
Storage: Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from metals. Corrosives area. Keep away from acids. Store protected from moisture. Containers must be tightly closed to prevent the conversion of NaOH to sodium carbonate by the CO2 in air.
Section 8 – Exposure Controls, Personal Protection
Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
|Chemical Name||ACGIH||NIOSH||OSHA - Final PELs|
|Sodium carbonate||none listed||none listed||none listed|
|Sodium hydroxide||C 2 mg/m3||10 mg/m3 IDLH||2 mg/m3 TWA|
OSHA Vacated PELs: Sodium carbonate: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical. Sodium hydroxide: C 2 mg/m3
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA’s 29 CFR §1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator’s use.
Section 9 – Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical State: Solid
pH: 14 (5% aq soln)
Vapor Pressure: 1 mm Hg @739 deg C
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate:Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 1390 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point:318 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 3; Flammability: 0; Reactivity: 1
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
Specific Gravity/Density:2.13 g/cm3
Section 10 – Stability and Reactivity
Chemical Stability: Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Conditions to Avoid: Moisture, contact with water, exposure to moist air or water, prolonged exposure to air.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Acids, water, flammable liquids, organic halogens, metals, aluminum, zinc, tin, leather, wool, nitromethane.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Toxic fumes of sodium oxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Section 11 – Toxicological Information
CAS# 497-19-8: VZ4050000
CAS# 1310-73-2: WB4900000
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/24H Moderate;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 50 mg Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild;
Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 1200 mg/m3/2H;
Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 2300 mg/m3/2H;
Oral, mouse: LD50 = 6600 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 = 4090 mg/kg;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 400 ug Mild;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 1% Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 50 ug/24H Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 1 mg/24H Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Severe;
CAS# 497-19-8: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA. CAS# 1310-73-2: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
Epidemiology: No information available.
Teratogenicity: No information available.
Reproductive Effects: No information available.
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Mutagenicity: No information available.
Other Studies: See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
Section 12 – Ecological Information
No information available.
Section 13 – Disposal Considerations
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
Section 14 – Transport Information
|US DOT||IATA||RID/ADR||IMO||Canada TDG|
|Shipping Name:||SODIUM HYDROXIDE, SOLID||SODIUM HYDROXIDE|
Section 15 – Regulatory Information
CAS# 497-19-8 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 1310-73-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
Section 302 (RQ)
CAS# 1310-73-2: final RQ = 1000 pounds (454 kg)
Section 302 (TPQ)
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
CAS # 497-19-8: acute. CAS # 1310-73-2: acute, reactive.
No chemicals are reportable under Section 313.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants. This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 1310-73-2 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 497-19-8 is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ.
CAS# 1310-73-2 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed. European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
R 35 Causes severe burns.
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 Wear suitable gloves and eye/face
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 497-19-8: 1
CAS# 1310-73-2: 1
CAS# 497-19-8 is listed on Canada’s DSL List. CAS# 497-19-8 is listed on Canada’s DSL List. CAS# 1310-73-2 is listed on Canada’s DSL List. CAS# 1310-73-2 is listed on Canada’s DSL List.
This product has a WHMIS classification of E.
CAS# 497-19-8 is listed on Canada’s Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 1310-73-2 is listed on Canada’s Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 1310-73-2: OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 2 mg/m3 OEL-BELGIUM:STEL 2 mg/m3
OEL-DENMARK:TWA 2 mg/m3 OEL-FINLAND:TWA 2 mg/m3 OEL-FRANCE:TWA 2 mg
/m3 OEL-GERMANY:TWA 2 mg/m3 OEL-JAPAN:STEL 2 mg/m3 OEL-THE NETHERLA
NDS:TWA 2 mg/m3 OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 2 mg/m3 OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 2 mg/
m3 OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 2 mg/m3;STEL 4 mg/m3 OEL-THAILAND:TWA 2 mg/m3
OEL-TURKEY:TWA 2 mg/m3 OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 2 mg/m3;STEL 2 mg/m3
OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW
ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGI TLV
Section 16 – Additional Information
MSDS Creation Date: 12/12/1997
Revision #4 Date: 8/01/2001
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.